Dr. Irina Piippo is Director of the Finnish Institute in the Middle East since June 2020. Irina’s fields of research include Arabic sociolinguistics and diasporic multilingualism. In recent years, she has focused on institutional multilingual language socialization of newly arrived students in the Finnish context. She has conducted ethnographic fieldwork both in the context of integration training for adults and preparatory education in the Finnish comprehensive school.
Irina has published on Arabic sociolinguistics, sociolinguistic metatheory, multilingual language socialization and on the ways in which people construe language’s role in their social and cultural worlds. Language ideologies were also the topic of Irina’s book called Kielen taju [Sense of language] (2016) that she co-authored with Johanna Vaattovaara and Eero Voutilainen. Her dissertation Viewing norms dialogically (2012) is a study of language norms in sociolinguistic metatheory.
Before her directorship in FIME Irina has worked as a researcher at the department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Nordic studies at University of Helsinki. She has been a member of the Center of Excellence, Intersubjectivity in Interaction (2013–2018) led by Marja-Leena Sorjonen and collaborated closely with Maria Ahlholm’s project Meeting in the Middle (2018–2019). Meeting in the Middle -project focused on newcomers’ integration into Finnish comprehensive school and upper secondary school. In 2013–2014, Irina was a visiting researcher at the Semiotics Lab led by Asif Agha at the Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania. In addition to her research activities, Irina has a wealth of experience in the field of science administration. She has, for instance, served as the Secretary General of the Council of Finnish Academies.
FIME’s researcher and coordinator Taavi Sundell is in the process of finishing his doctoral research in world politics on the political economy of higher education in Jordan and Finland. Combining discourse theory and critical political economy, Taavi’s article-based dissertation examines how specific actors have articulated the border between public and private higher education and the underlying assumptions concerning the societal functions of universities and higher education. The Finnish case is studied through existing documentary data while the Jordanian case relies also on data collected by Taavi through research interviews in Jordan during 2013–17.
Taavi received his Master of Social Sciences degree in political science from the University of Helsinki in 2010. As minor subjects he studied development studies and practical philosophy. In 2010–13 he worked as a full-time research assistant at the Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies. During his doctoral project Taavi has coordinated the Academy of Finland project Politics and Numbers: Global Governance and Policy Instruments, taught and coordinated two Helsinki Summer School-courses, and taught in his own faculty as well as in the University of Helsinki’s Open University.
Taavi is affiliated with the Academy of Finland funded Whirl of Knowledge: Cultural Populism and Polarisation in European Politics and Societies-project(2019–22). While working at FIME he will start working on his post doc -project in which he plans to examine the role of human capital theory in discussions on education and migration in the context of the Middle East.
Sandra Nasser El-Dine
Sandra Nasser El-Dine started as researcher in FIME in January 2021. Her on-going ethnographic PhD study explores how young adults in urban Jordan experience romantic relationships and negotiate gender relations. More specifically, she addresses practices of doing love and relational selving within everyday gender dynamics of their relationships. The analytical framework focuses on performative and processual aspects of love; how love is constituted within different kinds of caring actions. Sandra conducted the ethnographic fieldwork between 2012 and 2016 among Jordanian and Syrian young adults who reside in Amman. During 2014, she was a visiting fellow at the Finnish Institute in the Middle East as well as at the Columbia Global Centers in Amman.
Sandra received her Master of Social Sciences degree in 2010 from the Tampere University majoring sociology. Her Master’s thesis on Syrian youth discourses on Western gender relations received the Youth Research Thesis Award. She conducted the fieldwork for the thesis in Syria where she resided for several long periods of time in the cities of Damascus and Latakia during 2003–2006.
In addition to exploring intimate relationships and local notions of love in Arab societies, Sandra’s research interests include Arab occidentalisms, Muslim subjectivities, and everyday re-definitions of Islamic traditions. She has published on these topics, as well as an article that addresses Arab masculinities. As FIME’s researcher, in addition to completing her thesis, Sandra is planning to start a post doc -study in which she continues exploring love and gender dynamics in the everyday lives of Lebanese and Syrian families residing in Beirut.
Former researchers at the Institute
Dr. Raija Mattila was the Director of the Finnish Institute in the Middle East from April 2014 to May 2020. Raija’s research focuses on the Assyrian Empire, which ruled the Middle East during the 1st Millennium BC. Raija’s research interests include the administration of Assyria and its highest officials, Egyptians in Assyria and Babylonia as well as animals in Ancient Mesopotamia.
In 2018, the institute started a series of workshops which study the social, economic and cultural status of minorities in the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires in 1st Millennium BC. The first workshop was held in Beirut in April 2018, and it examined the minority concept in the context of the Ancient Near East. The workshops are organised in collaboration with the Centres of Excellence Ancient Near Eastern Empires and Changes in Sacred Texts and Traditions, both of which are funded by the Academy of Finland.
Raija has published Neo-Assyrian administrative and private documents. Her doctoral dissertation The King’s Magnates (2000) studied the highest officials of the Assyrian Empire.
Raija is an Adjunct Professor (Docent) of Assyriology of the University of Helsinki and an associate member of the Centre of Excellence Changes in Sacred Texts and Traditions. Before her position as the Director of FIME in Beirut, she has worked for the Intellectual Heritage of the Ancient Near project at the University of Helsinki, as a researcher at the University of Uppsala in Sweden, as the director of FIME in Damascus (2004-2008), as a researcher in the Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies of the University of Helsinki, in the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary at the University of Chicago in USA, as well as in the State Archives of Assyria project at the University of Helsinki.
Anu Leinonen worked as a researcher in FIME from June 2019 until December 2020. Her post doc project investigated language policies and debates over those language policies in Turkey from 2011 onwards. Her research focused on how the arrival of 3,5 million Syrian refugees, and public services offered to them in Arabic, have influenced language policies and debates over them. Traditionally public services for citizens have only been offered in Turkish, defined as the language of the state. The relatively wide range of services provided in Arabic have been an important departure from this policy.
Anu is especially interested the experiences of providing education in Arabic for the Syrian refugee children as well as the subsequent transition or integration of the Syrian children to Turkish-language public education from 2016 onwards. Have these experiences raised new awareness of multi-lingual and multi-cultural issues in the classroom? Could the process have an influence on the use of Kurdish language in education? The research material consists of official documents and reports and publications focusing on education and a limited number of expert interviews.
Anu received her PhD in Middle Eastern studies in the University of Helsinki in 2017. Her dissertation investigated how Kurds’ political and cultural demands were presented in the Turkish-language mainstream press in 1999–2009. She received her master’s degree in Central Asian studies in 2003. In addition to nationalism, diversity, minority issues and language policy, her interests include media in Turkey, Turkey-EU relations and Ottoman history.
She has followed Turkey from 1995 onwards and has lived in the country a total of five years. In January 2021, Anu returned to her position as Executive Officer of the Foundation for the Finnish Institute in the Middle East, which she also held between 2008-2019. During that time she also worked for four years as the coordinator of the Finnish Network of the Anna Lindh Foundation.
Päivi Miettunen worked as the Institute’s researcher and coordinator between 2017-2018. She conducted research on the role of information behaviour in the construction of social identities among both Bedouin and immigrant communities in the Middle East.
Päivi’s Master’s thesis in Semitic Studies (University of Helsinki) focused on the local rituals and beliefs connected to the shrine of Aaron near Petra, Jordan. Between 2000 and 2008 she was a member in the Finnish Jabal Haroun Project, participating in the excavations and specializing in the ethnoarchaeology of the Mountain of Aaron. In 2003 Päivi worked as an intern in Damascus, at the Finnish Institute in the Middle East. Her minor subjects have included archaeology, computer science and information studies.
In 2014 Päivi received her PhD degree in the Middle Eastern Studies from the University of Helsinki. In her dissertation she studied the effects of modernization on the religious and cultural identity of Southern Jordanian Bedouins. The case study focused on the holy sites of the region. In her field research she mapped and surveyed the sites, many of them uncharted until today. She also used participant observation and interviews to familiarize herself with local Bedouin culture, traditions and dialects. In 2016 Päivi was a visiting researcher at CMES in Lund University, Sweden.